Bhutan is one of the Shangri Las of the east. It has been enlisted in the top ten global biodiversity hotspots owing to its rich ecological biodiversity. Bhutan is home to such rare and endangered species as Red Panda, Royal Bengal Tiger, Snow Leopard, Himalayan Griffon, Black neck Cranes and rhododendrons.

Its topography ranges from subtropical to temperate to Alpine. In the north is highest Himalayan ranges that is source of perennial rivers that flows down the south and provides much needed life for forests and varied ecosystems.

70% of its land is covered in pristine and primate forests. Most of them are preserved in the form of national parks and conservation sanctuary.

In 2009 Bhutan became a signatory to a declaration to remain a carbon-neutral country during the 15th UN Climate Summit held in Copenhagen, Denmark.