Agriculture is still the mainstay of Bhutan’s economy with almost 70% of the population depending on it for a livelihood.
Bhutan’s main revenue source is hydropower energy, which is exported to India. The country is making huge investments to tap 10,000 MW by 2020 through technical and financial assistance from India. Tourism is another important industry bringing in hard currency earnings. About a 100,000 people from the region and abroad visited Bhutan last year. Bhutan follows a high value low impact tourism policy, which means the industry must not have any adverse impact to the cultural and natural environment.
While rapid urbanization is taking place in the larger towns Bhutan is still one of the least urbanized countries in the world.
Other export items are fruits, vegetables, minerals, agro products, ferro silicon and cement to the Indian market, Bhutan largest and most important trading partner.
Bhutan’s currency, Ngultrum is pegged at par with the Indian Currency (Rupee).